We don’t have much time to go sea fishing at the moment, and given the dwindling supplies of fish in our freezer, last week, I swung past the harbour at Grimsay and bought a couple of locally caught black bream. I almost stopped for some langoustines, but resisted the temptation and instead chose this fine sustainable and economically priced fish.
This lovely firm-fleshed and sweet fish is a treat I have not eaten for many years. Black bream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) were readily available at my local market in the Algarve, usually called sea bream (generically referred to as porgies in the US) and if you go to a fishmonger, not to be confused with the farmed gilthead bream.
Black bream are wild fish found around the inshore shelf in North Europe and the Mediterranean. It is a benthic/demersal shoaling species, often found associated with rocky or weedy reefs and also wrecks. It is a carnivore with catholic tastes and feeds on invertebrates, crustaceans, encrusting algae and small fish. Black bream are protogynous, meaning they start out as females and then become male. This form of sequential hermaphroditism is common in fish and can be triggered by internal and/or external factors.
Fascinating life history aside, it is currently considered to be a sustainable fish to eat in the UK. It is particularly good prepared as a whole fish, being attractive, robust and relatively easy to prepare. Black bream do require to be thoroughly de-scaled to remove the tough scales from the body and the sharp, spiny fins, notably the dorsal, should be removed before cooking.
Black bream with fennel
This fish is easy to pan fry whole, skin slashed and gently stuffed with herbs. I served the fish with fennel cooked in two different ways – braised with stock and pastis and also fried in a bit of olive oil and crushed garlic that the fish had been cooked in. I added some raw fennel tops fronds as garnish as well as spring onions. I served this with some baby red King Edward jacket potatoes.
2 black bream each about 500g
few sprigs rosemary
few sprigs thyme
3 bay leaves
clove of garlic, skin on
splash of olive oil
salt and pepper
- De-scale the bream, snip off the fins and remove the head.
- Slash each side of the body 2 or 3 times with a sharp knife and stuff a small sprig of rosemary and thyme in each. Place a bay leaf in the body cavity and season the fish.
- Put some olive oil, a smashed garlic clove (skin on) and a bay leaf in a non-stick frying pan and cook the fish for 3-4 minutes each side until the skin is crisp and golden, but flesh not overcooked.
- Allow fish to rest for a few minutes before serving with the fennel and potatoes.
Fennel with pastis
This accompaniment can be cooked alongside the fish and will be ready about the same time if this is done.
1 fennel bulb, sliced, fronds/tops retained
1tbsp pastis e.g. Pernod
150 ml fish stock
salt and pepper
- Gently fry the fennel slices in some olive oil until they soften slightly and take on a bit of colour.
- Add the pastis and allow it to reduce down to remove the alcohol
- Add the fish stock and simmer to reduce and further soften the fennel for 2-3 minutes and season to taste. Keep warm until serving.
Fried fennel garnish
This simply involved throwing some sliced raw fennel tops into the pan with the oil, garlic and bay leaf where the bream had been cooked and turning the heat up. Fry the fennel until crisp and golden and serve over the braised fennel together with some raw fronds for contrasting textures. Garnish with some spring onions if you have some to hand. The fish was delicious and sweet and I can’t figure out why I’ve not been eating it more often.